THE FENCING PISTE
Parts of a Foil
Hi Loyalist Fencing Club athletes! These are the parts of the foil that we need to remember for the yellow armband:
Foible: the weaker, more flexible part of the blade
Forte: strong part of the blade used for defending
The pommel acts as a counter-balance for the weapon.
Basic Fencing Footwork
The ready position in fencing is the “en garde” position. We have been focusing on:
Advance and Retreat
We advance to close distance on our opponent to score a hit, or retreat to defend against an attack. We have been concentrating on:
To close distance quickly on our opponents when they are more than a step away from us we learned how to lunge. When doing a proper lunge we remember to:
and to recover back en garde our:
It is important to show respect for your opponent and the sport of fencing by saluting prior to a match. To salute you face your opponent while holding your mask under your non-sword arm, put your heels together, point the tip to the floor, raise your guard to your chin, and bring your tip back down to the floor.
At the end of a bout we recognize the effort of our opponent by shaking hands using our non-sword hand.
A referee will give commands to fencers in french or english. A referee will begin a fencing bout by asking fencers to go “On your guard.” or “En garde.“. The referee will then ask the fencers “Are you ready?” or “Êtes-vous prêts?” and if you are ready to go you will respond “Yes!” or “Oui!“. The referee will ask you to “Fence.” or tell you to “Aller.” and if the referee sees a touch or needs to stop the bout the will say “Halt!” or “Halte!”
Parry Quarte & Parry Sixte
The parry is used to deflect the attacker’s blade from the defender’s target and take “right of way” to score a hit. The offensive action that follows a successful parry is called a “riposte“.
In week 3, we practiced 2 lateral (side to side) parries. The parry quarte protects against attacks to the high outside line, and the parry sixte defends against attacks to the high inside line.
As your attacker’s point passes your guard, make brief contact with the attacker’s foible with the forte of your blade, moving your arm and blade at the same time. It is important to keep the point of your weapon pointed at your opponent during your parry, so that your riposte can follow immediately.
When visualizing a parry, we thought about a car windshield wiper moving from side to side. We practiced clapping our hands in front of our bodies, but only moving our weapon hand. This action is very similar to the parry quarte.
Lines of Attack & Defence
The space in front of each fencer is traditionally divided into four sections or “lines” (4, 6, 7, 8):